Also known as nearsightedness, myopia is a refractive error that typically develops during childhood because of a longer eyeball or excessive curvature in the cornea. When this happens, light focuses on the front portion of the retina instead of the back, causing difficulty when viewing distant objects. Those with myopia have good close-range vision, but things that are farther away appear blurry. Learn more about the causes and risks involved in nearsightedness and how to treat it, so you can make smart choices to manage your optical health.
Causes and Risk Factors of Myopia in Children
Although the specific cause of nearsightedness in kids remains unknown, experts believe that heredity plays a significant role in the development of myopia. If you or your spouse are myopic, your child may have an increased likelihood of having the condition as well.
In addition to this, studies show that kids who spend more time indoors have a higher chance of developing myopia. Close-range activities, including playing computer or mobile games, reading, and watching television, can also lead to myopia.
Kids do not generally say anything if they are having trouble seeing. This means parents need to pay attention to any signs that their children may be having vision problems. Clumsiness, squinting, sitting too close to the television, and poor academic performance are a few of the common indications of nearsightedness. In addition to this, if your child hesitates to play with other kids, it may indicate distant-vision issues. Nausea, headaches, and more sensitivity to light are a few other signs of eye difficulties.
You can control the progression of myopia if it is caught early. Your eye doctor may prescribe glasses and recommend other treatments, such as the following:
- Change in Habits and Environment
Research shows that spending time outdoors can help deal with nearsightedness. This conservative method of myopia control encourages children to engage in physical activities outside. It can also help prevent your child from developing this visual impairment.
- Atropine Eye Drops
Eye specialists may sometimes recommend topical atropine to dilate the pupil. The drops help to paralyze the eyes temporarily and relax the focusing mechanism, reducing strain. It provides immediate, short-term results. However, long-term use can cause light sensitivity, discomfort, and blurry near vision. This is why you might still need progressive eyeglass lenses to read clearly. Also, depending on how severe your myopia is, you may need continuous monitoring to ensure the treatment is effective.
Also known as ortho-k or corneal reshaping lenses, this corrective eyewear is one of the latest inventions to help those with myopia. It involves wearing gas permeable contact lenses during sleep to rectify nearsightedness temporarily. Corneal refractive therapy (CRT) includes using specially designed contacts that can help you avoid wearing corrective glasses and contact lenses while you’re awake. Eye care specialists use ortho-k to control myopia in children because it is known to slow the progression of nearsightedness.
- Multifocal Contact Lenses
They are special contact lenses that have different powers to correct eye conditions, including presbyopia, nearsightedness, or farsightedness. In addition to this, you can also use modified multifocal soft contact lenses for myopia control. They are useful for children as well.
If contact lenses do not appeal to you, you can also opt for eyeglasses fitted with lenses to correct nearsightedness. Although they may give less impressive results than multifocal contacts, they are still quite effective.
How We Can Help Manage Your Myopia
At U Optical, we are committed to improving the quality of life for adults and children with myopia. We use advanced technologies in visual examinations and treatments to ensure you enjoy better eyesight. We also feature an exquisite collection of eyewear, especially for myopia control.
Dedicated and Skilled Team
We have a team of skillful optometrists and support staff committed to helping our patients control their changing vision. They have experience diagnosing and treating a variety of eye disorders, including myopia. Our extensive knowledge of the latest advancements in optical health care ensures your analysis and diagnosis are timely and accurate so that we can offer you the most reliable solutions.
Quality Patient-Centered Approach
We care about our patients immensely, which is why we will provide an overview of what myopia is when you visit us, so you have a better understanding. We offer comprehensive eye exams using the latest technologies and ensure you get the best care. We will determine the most appropriate treatment after assessing your condition and discuss it with you during the personal consultation so that you can understand how to manage it.
We place the utmost importance on complete eye care for patients of all ages, which is why we are always up to date with the current trends, advancements, and recent studies. This allows us to continue providing high-quality services to our patients.
Schedule Your Eye Appointment with Us Today!
At U Optical, in addition to providing the best care for myopia in kids and patients of all ages, we also feature an extensive selection of eyewear. We carry soft and specialty lenses, value frames, and eyewear from high-end brands. We are committed to offering reliable services and on-time assistance to ensure our patients receive the care they need. Our eye care specialists will examine your eye health, listen to your concerns, and work to provide the best advice and solutions.
For more information about myopia in children, glasses for nearsightedness, and other treatment methods, call us at 416-292-0075. You may also fill out our online form to schedule an eye exam with our specialists. We cater to patients all over Toronto and the GTA at our Scarborough and Vaughan optical centers.